Virus disease “Ebola”


*  Ebola virus disease is formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic. It is a type of  fever but  is a severe illness in humans. The virus is normally generated from the wild animals and then spreads to the human population through human-to-human transmission.

    *  The first Ebola virus disease had been  occurred in the remote villages inCentral Africa, near tropical rainforests, but the most recent outbreak in west Africa has involved major urban as well as rural areas.

  *  The Community engagement is a good key to successfully control outbreaks. The Good outbreak control can be done but it is depends on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilization.

  *  Yet, there is no licensed treatment proven to neutralize the virus but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under development. 

   *  People who have recovered from the disease remain infectious as long as their blood and body fluids (including semen and breast milk)  contain the Ebola virus. Men who have recovered from the disease will still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from Ebola.

Brief about Ebola:-

initial stage of Ebola:-

Ebola virus disease had been first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara(Sudan), and the other in Yambuku(Democratic Republic of Congo). Then the Ebola disease had been occurred in a village near the Ebola River, and so that the disease was called as "Ebola".

Way of Introduction:-

Ebola is introduced unto the human population by the close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.

First symptoms:-

First symptoms of the disease are the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding. The result of Laboratory findings may contain low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.

Reducing the risk of wildlife-to-human transmission is very must by avoiding contact with infected fruit bats or monkeys/apes and the consumption of their raw meat. Animals should be handled with gloves and other appropriate protective clothing. Animal products (blood and meat) should be thoroughly cooked before consumption